Tuesday, 22 February 2011

HEPIALIDAE.........Ghost Moth to Clearwings

14 Ghost Moth Hepialus humuli (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                 1
 Adult flight times are between 6th June and 29th July throughout the area. 'Ghost' comes from the white males, which can sometimes be seen at dusk, 'hovering' over grassy areas. Twelve ( 7 males and 5 females) at Hedge top Lane on the 23rd June 2003 at light and 10 males hovering over nettles  June 10th 2006 . On the 20th June 2009,1 male was seen in car headlights at Hedge Top lane Northowram on the following night 56(mostly males) were observed’ lekking’in the same field. An amazing 278 were seen on the 22nd June 2009 with a ratio of 10 males to one female, at least 22 pairs were seen’ in cop. In 2010 the numbers peaked at 435 on the 21st June .The largest count ever recored in Yorkshire at the time(AC ).The night when 435 were observed in the field a light  trap was running all night 100 yards away and attracted 2 males and 1 female.Whilest  making a short film in 2010 it was noted that when bright lights were used  most moths disappeared (AC, SC) the short film can be seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZpVDBbYmOo

Ghost Moths at Hedge Top Lane June/July 2009 / 2010

Ghost Moth
21-Jun
22nd
23rd
24th
26th
27th
28th
01-Jul
06-Jul
2009 
1
56
278
252
96
178
119
40
1



Ghost Moth
16-Jun
17th
21st
26th
30th
02-Jul
6th
2010
238
250
435
50
30
30
31

15 Orange Swift Hepialus sylvina (Linnaeus, 1761)                                           1
Adult flight times are between 7th June and the 20th August , throughout the area in small numbers.

Orange Swift
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

0
10
4
12
2
0
2
1
3
1
6


16 Gold Swift Hepialus hecta (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                    1
Areas of bracken on warm evenings sunshine are worth chequeing in May/June for this species. Broadhead clough 1999,Copley woods 2000 , 8 + displaying and ‘in cop’ at Pickwood Scarr Norland and 2 at Jumble Hole Clough 2007(AC,PT,SW) and 3 to light at Cromwell Bottom 2010 .

17 Common Swift Hepialus lupulinus (Linnaeus, 1758)                     1
Adult flight times are between  4th May and 7th August . Recorded at  light throughout the area in good numbers  .  52 at light between the 3rd and 15th June 2006 Little Moor Gardens, Illingworth 2006.(AZ)

18 Map-winged Swift Hepialus fusconebulosa                                         1
The flight times of adults are between 31st May and 17th July and recorded at light throughout the area Large numbers can be seen from moors edge with 27 to light at Withens Clough on the 27th June 2009.

ZEUZERINAE

161 Leopard Moth Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761)                                         1
Herbert Spencer recorded 2  at Elland in 1924 one was crippled.
1 at Elland Park Wood 1971(WM.Collinson)
1 recorded at light Park Road Elland 17th July 2001 after a heavy storm ( PT)
1 at light at Brookfoot , Brighouse 23rd July  2008 and 7th, , 11th & 13th July 2009  (M &KS)
1 at Light Hipperholme was seen to be egg laying July 2009(CSut)
1 at light Midgley July 2009(NC& SC)

COSSINAE


 Small populations can be found at  Todmorden , Cromwell Bottom, and Saville Park allotments.

 Cromwell Bottom has a large population and can exceed 3000+ on a good day in July.A good population at Roils Head in June and July 2005 and a small population at Northowram 2005/9.The first breeding in calderdale  was  recorded at Copley meadow  in 1964 .A short film can be see here-

371 Lunar Hornet Moth Sesia bembeciformis (Hübner, 1806)                                   1

In 1883 said to be widespread and generally common in the Halifax area (Porritt’s list)Collinson wrote .’This species is well established in the trunks of mature sallows throughout the district 1965’.No recent records.

373 Currant Clearwing Synanthedon tipuliformis (Linnaeus, 1758)                      1
In 1883 said to be widespread and generally common on currant bushes in gardens and allotments in the Halifax area (Porritt’s List)
 Collinson wrote ‘very few records of this Clearwing but it no doubt exists and can be found in the first week of July’.
12 at Priestly Green organic food farm 2005(PT)
3 at Skircoat Green Allotments on the 18th and 19th June 2007 –09  (CS)

381 Large Red-belted Clearwing Synanthedon culiciformis (Linnaeus, 1758)        1
 Collinson  wrote ‘Larve  and empty pupa cases are easily found 1965’.No recent records.It may well be worth a look for  these species in appropriate habitat .

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