14 Ghost Moth Hepialus humuli (Linnaeus, 1758) 1
Adult flight times are between 6th June and 29th July throughout the area. 'Ghost' comes from the white males, which can sometimes be seen at dusk, 'hovering' over grassy areas. Twelve ( 7 males and 5 females) at Hedge top Lane on the 23rd June 2003 at light and 10 males hovering over nettles June 10th 2006 . On the 20th June 2009,1 male was seen in car headlights at Hedge Top lane Northowram on the following night 56(mostly males) were observed’ lekking’in the same field. An amazing 278 were seen on the 22nd June 2009 with a ratio of 10 males to one female, at least 22 pairs were seen’ in cop. In 2010 the numbers peaked at 435 on the 21st June .The largest count ever recored in Yorkshire at the time(AC ).The night when 435 were observed in the field a light trap was running all night 100 yards away and attracted 2 males and 1 female.Whilest making a short film in 2010 it was noted that when bright lights were used most moths disappeared (AC, SC) the short film can be seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZpVDBbYmOo
Ghost Moths at Hedge Top Lane June/July 2009 / 2010
15 Orange Swift Hepialus sylvina (Linnaeus, 1761) 1
Adult flight times are between 7th June and the 20th August , throughout the area in small numbers.
16 Gold Swift Hepialus hecta (Linnaeus, 1758) 1
Areas of bracken on warm evenings sunshine are worth chequeing in May/June for this species. Broadhead clough 1999,Copley woods 2000 , 8 + displaying and ‘in cop’ at Pickwood Scarr Norland and 2 at Jumble Hole Clough 2007(AC,PT,SW) and 3 to light at Cromwell Bottom 2010 .
17 Common Swift Hepialus lupulinus (Linnaeus, 1758) 1
The flight times of adults are between 31st May and 17th July and recorded at light throughout the area Large numbers can be seen from moors edge with 27 to light at Withens Clough on the 27th June 2009.
161 Leopard Moth Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761) 1
Herbert Spencer recorded 2 at Elland in 1924 one was crippled.
1 at Elland Park Wood 1971(WM.Collinson)
1 recorded at light Park Road Elland 17th July 2001 after a heavy storm ( PT)
1 at light at Brookfoot , Brighouse 23rd July 2008 and 7th, , 11th & 13th July 2009 (M &KS)
1 at Light Hipperholme was seen to be egg laying July 2009(CSut)
1 at light Midgley July 2009(NC& SC)
169 Six-Spot Burnet Zygaena filipendulae (Linnaeus, 1758)
Small populations can be found at Todmorden , Cromwell Bottom, and Saville Park allotments.
171 Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet Zygaena lonicerae (Scheven, 1777)
Cromwell Bottom has a large population and can exceed 3000+ on a good day in July.A good population at Roils Head in June and July 2005 and a small population at Northowram 2005/9.The first breeding in calderdale was recorded at Copley meadow in 1964 .A short film can be see here-
371 Lunar Hornet Moth Sesia bembeciformis (Hübner, 1806) 1
In 1883 said to be widespread and generally common in the Halifax area (Porritt’s list)Collinson wrote .’This species is well established in the trunks of mature sallows throughout the district 1965’.No recent records.
373 Currant Clearwing Synanthedon tipuliformis (Linnaeus, 1758) 1
In 1883 said to be widespread and generally common on currant bushes in gardens and allotments in the Halifax area (Porritt’s List)
Collinson wrote ‘very few records of this Clearwing but it no doubt exists and can be found in the first week of July’.
12 at Priestly Green organic food farm 2005(PT)
3 at Skircoat Green Allotments on the 18th and 19th June 2007 –09 (CS)
381 Large Red-belted Clearwing Synanthedon culiciformis (Linnaeus, 1758) 1
Collinson wrote ‘Larve and empty pupa cases are easily found 1965’.No recent records.It may well be worth a look for these species in appropriate habitat .